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Repeat Abortions

Repeat Abortion Increases Risk Of Future Reproductive Problems

A study by the World Health Organization of legal abortion in Great Britain, Europe, Korea and Scandinavia concluded that repeat abortion is associated with a 2 to 21/2-fold increase in low birth weight and short gestation when compared with either one live birth or one abortion.

A Danish study conducted during 1974-75 concluded that women with a history of 2 or more abortions had twice the risk of a premature infant compared to those with one past abortion.

A study of women at the Boston Hospital for Women conducted during 1976-1978 concluded that women who had two or more induced abortions were 2.7 times more likely to have future first trimester spontaneous abortions (miscarriage) and 3.2 times more likely to have a second trimester incomplete abortion than were women with no history of induced abortion.

The Boston Hospital for Women study also found the relative risk of ectopic pregnancy to be 1.3 for women with one prior induced abortion  and 2.6 for women with two or more prior abortions.

References
1. World Health Organization, Special Prooramme of Research, Development and Research Training In Human Reproduction, 7th Annual Report, Geneva, Nov. 1978 and summarized in Family Planning Perspectives Vol 11 (1): 39-40, Jan/Feb. 1979
2. Pregnancy Complications Following Legally Induced Abortions, with Special Reference to Abortion Technique, Obel, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 58: 147-152 (1979)
3. Association of Abortion with Subsequent Pregnancy Loss, Levin et al, Journal of the American Medical Association 243 (24): 2495-2499, June 27, 1980.
4. Ectopic Pregnancy and Prior Induced Abortion, Levin et al, American Journal of Public Health 72 (3): 253-256, March, 1982.

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